Gallery 1 — Hunter Corps

In the years after the sev­en-year war one start­ed to set up light wards already in peace­time in the Euro­pean armies. When they had come to play a major role in the North Amer­i­can War of Lib­er­ty, they were around 1780 years in almost every army. In 1784, the 16-year-old Crown Prince Fred­erik took over the gov­ern­ment and when Gus­tav III of Swe­den had begun to reassem­ble strong­ly at the Nor­we­gian bor­der, the Crown Prince set up a com­mis­sion to come up with pro­pos­als for improve­ment of the army. At the head of this, his uncle Prince Carl of Hesse, an ener­getic and insight­ful offi­cer, was very inter­est­ed in the easy ser­vice. One of the first results of the Com­mis­sion’s work was the estab­lish­ment of the Hunter Corps in Zealand and Hol­stein. Ini­tial­ly, it became a com­pa­ny of 100 men plus com­man­ders and officers.

As the first com­man­der was appoint­ed major in the infantry cham­ber­lain Andreas Undall. He was born in Nor­way and when he came to Hels­ingør in Kro­n­borg, where the Zealand Jæger Corps was sta­tioned, his lit­tle son went to Nor­we­gian nation­al cos­tume and it came to form the mod­el for the hunters’ uni­forms that came to con­sist of a green dress, under This wore the hunters a yel­low vest and yel­low pants, upside down a curved hat with white pon pon with green tip, long boots on the legs instead of the infantry’s hat­ed short boots. The hunters who were sup­posed to dare at night were instead giv­en a rain­coat instead of tents. They had hand­ed rifle and hirch­fänger and tri­an­gu­lar bay­o­net. The crew was recruit­ed and con­fessed to one of the three faiths: Luther­ans, the Reformed, and Catholi­cism. It was select­ed per­son­nel, as the king decid­ed that one should be a Dan­ish cit­i­zen, “have a good exte­ri­or”, as it was called, “seems to have genius”, it had to be doc­u­ment­ed with cer­tifi­cates that one was unpun­ished, which was unusu­al, one would like to that the elect had knowl­edge of forestry or were hunters, at least they should be able to shoot well.

With the found­ing of the hunter corps, the foun­da­tion stone was laid for the lat­er sub­ver­sion, as the hunters were promised posts in the sub­urbs after the ser­vice end­ed. Thus, the hunters were also repa­tri­at­ed with their estu­ary, which means that today there are no hunter uni­forms at Tøjhusmuseet.

It is Sjæl­land’s Jægerko­rps, or 2. The hunter corps as the cur­rent hunter corps has a depart­ment mark from and also its glo­ri­ous his­to­ry. Through the lessons they par­tic­i­pat­ed in, the bat­tle of the nest 1801, when the Jæger Corps was not on board and fought, but was post­ed along the Øre­sund coast. Below, the Corps suf­fered a sin­gle loss of human life. In 1848 and 1864, the Corps, which says “brave­ly and with great loss­es,” fought. How­ev­er, it must be not­ed that the Hunter Corps was not used for the type of bat­tle it was cre­at­ed for, the Corps was then also changed to 18th bat­tal­ion dur­ing the 64th war. How­ev­er, the sto­ry tells that they were dif­fer­ent: The fight at Over­sø on April 24, 1848, here the Jægerko­rpset with 200 men suc­ceed­ed in slow­ing down the prus­sians’ progress with 5000 men against Flens­burg so much that the force stalled and did not reach in time. The hunters, how­ev­er, were over­pow­ered and Gen­er­al Wrangel want­ed to see the old­est respon­si­ble offi­cer who had caused this. The gen­er­al expressed great appre­ci­a­tion and pre­sent­ed Cap­tain Scharf­fen­berg, who had met the boss who had fall­en, his saber. The corps was tasked to remain in the posi­tions dur­ing the storm at Dyb­bøl on 18 April 1864. They secured a safe retreat over Alssund to Als.
The 18th Bat­tal­ion end­ed up being shut down as the Defense Defense Bat­tal­ion in 1953, but that sto­ry lives on in today’s Hunter Corps which took its name after the 18th Bat­tal­ion when it was found­ed in 1961.